Saffron is known to be one of the most expensive spices. This is because the stigmas of the plant are handpicked to make the spice. Saffron oil has a very interesting odour. It has a woody, spicy, hay like odour.
Safflower , American saffron , zafran , bastard saffron , false saffron , dyer's saffron , Gami Honghwain .
It is only partially soluble in alcohol and fixed/carrier oils.
Saffron contains the carotenoids crocin and crocetin, which are responsible for the reddish orange color of the stigmas. The stigmas also contain the aromatic essential oil safranal. Other constituents of saffron are cineol and pinene, as well as the substance picrocrocin (saffron bitters). Saffron is also high in thiamine and riboflavin.
Saffron oil is used for external application in uterine sores. Remanent water after extracting oil from it is also used as medicine